On the 11th of September 1973, backed by the CIA and the U.S. government, the Chilean armed forces stage a coup to removed the democratically elected president, Salvador Allende.
The army and navy took control of the streets of the capital city as the air force bombed the presidential palace with Hawker Hunter Jets fighters killing the president.
Unlike it's neighbours, Chile had until then a long tradition of stable democratic governments and military coups was not something the country was accustomed to.
The brutality of the coup shocked not only the Chilean population but the international community leaving thousands dead, arrested, tortured, missing or exiled. Till today there are still some 2000 people unaccounted for.
The army systematically burned all literature and music which had Marxist or anti-establishment ideas and arrested any person in possession of such. A ban on all opposition parties was also introduced and enforced with great ferocity.
17 years of terror and brutal human rights abuses followed till 1988 when after increasing internal and international pressure, the military regime called for a plebiscite which saw them lose power and the country return to democracy.